How do you become a lawyer in India?

how to become a lawyer in india after graduation

Various Stages To Become A Lawyer In India

Stage 1: Acquiring a law degree

The initial step to turning into a legal advisor/lawyer in India is finishing a Bachelor of Laws (LLB) course. There are two kinds of LLB courses accessible in India: an integrated 5-year program and a 3-year program that you can seek after finishing graduation.

Five year LLB program

The five-year course is accessible at an undergrad level, straight after class 10+2. There are a few colleges offering the 5-year LLB degree, and admission to this course depends on the selection test led by the separate colleges. The most imperative selection test is the Common Law Admission Test (CLAT), which is acknowledged for induction into the 20 National Law Universities crosswise over India. The CLAT evaluates applicants on English, logical thinking, legal aptitude, Mathematics, and general knowledge.

Qualification for CLAT

To be qualified for showing up for CLAT, you ought to have gotten a Senior Secondary School (10+2) or proportional accreditation from a recognized board with at least forty-five percent marks in total (40% on account of SC/ST applicants). You ought to be beneath twenty years old (twenty-two if there should arise an occurrence of SC/ST competitors) as on the test date.

Aside from the previously mentioned colleges, there are some different colleges which offer a 5-year law course including Symbiosis Law School, National Law University, Delhi and Jindal Global Law School. These colleges lead separate affirmation tests. A few colleges acknowledge the Law School Admission Test (LSAT) for giving admissions. The test is led by the Law School Admission Council. Aside from these, there are state-level tests for induction into separate state colleges.

Three-Year LLB Degree

You can likewise settle on a 3-year LLB degree after finishing graduation. You can complete the four-year college education in any stream with something like 50 percent of marks. A few colleges offering a 3-year course incorporate Banaras Hindu University, Delhi University, Punjab University, Government Law College (Mumbai), and others.

Correspondence/Distance Learning Courses

Numerous colleges offer correspondence and distance learning courses in law. A portion of these colleges including Delhi University, National Law School of India University (NLSIU), Pune University and others. In any case, you should remember that correspondence and distance learning law programs are not allowed by the Bar Council of India. Thus, regardless of whether you get a degree through distance learning, you won’t most likely practice in an official courtroom.

On the off chance that you need to wind up a legal counselor/lawyer in India and practice in the court, you have to get either a 3-year or 5-year full-time degree in law. Some other course won’t give you a permit to provide legal counsel in Indian courts.

Subjects you study in LLB course

The 3-year law course involves center subjects, for example, Criminal Law, Jurisprudence, Business Laws, Intellectual Property Laws and so on. Contingent upon whether you complete a BBA LLB or BA LLB, the 5-year course subjects will incorporate trade and commerce related subjects including Economics, Accounts, and so forth., or arts-related subjects, for example, Sociology, History, Political Science, and so on., aside from the center law subjects.

Stage 2: Internship

After finishing the classroom courses, you should complete a compulsory law internship according to the standards set by the particular establishment.

Stage 3: Enrolment with state bar chamber/council

The last step to turning into a legal counselor/lawyer is to enlist yourself as a lawyer in any of the state bar councils controlled by the Advocates Act 1961. The State Bar Councils don’t have a uniform procedure of enlistment. After enlistment, you should clear All India Bar Examination (AIBE). The test is directed by Bar Council of India, and once you clear it, you get the authentication of training or certificate of practice. The test evaluates your fundamental expository capacities and your insight into the law.

Subsequent to finishing LLB, you can either begin practicing, or you can proceed with studies. You can decide on an LLM course to get inside and out learning in your area of interest.

The distinction between a Lawyer and an Advocate

We regularly utilize the terms lawyer and advocate conversely, be that as it may, there is a distinction between the two. After finishing your LLB course, you turn into a lawyer. In any case, you are still not an advocate. To wind up an advocate, you should enlist yourself with any State Bar Council and clear the All India Bar Examination (AIBE) as clarified previously.

Openings for work as a Lawyer

After you turn into a legal counselor/lawyer, you can set up your law office, and practice freely. In any case, most law graduates first practice under another accomplished legal advisor to increase experience and become familiar with the subtle strategies previously they begin practicing alone. Contingent upon your picked territory of specialization, you can turn into a civil legal counselor, criminal legal advisor, corporate legal advisor, tax legal counselor, and so on.

As an advocate, you can likewise serve in the Government part. You can show up for tests directed for the selection of public attorneys. You can likewise clear the judicial services test of your state, and turn into a judicial officer or civil judge. You can show up for the state or Union Public Services Commission test to end up a government employee.

Law graduates have umpteen open doors in the private sector moreover. You can join a legal firm, and acquire an attractive income. Corporate houses additionally employ law graduates as legal counsels. Indeed, even the banking and money industry has an intense interest for lawyers.

Generally speaking, the prospects for a legal counselor are very splendid, and with the correct frame of mind and range of abilities, you can have a prosperous vocation.


On the off chance that you need to make it to a famous law school, you ought to get ready for CLAT and other law placement tests. Rivalry for admission to top law universities is serious. To begin getting ready early, and whenever required, contract a private mentor or join a coaching institute.

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by mimansa pujari

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