Dispute Resolution

What is it like to be an international arbitrator?

Introduction about International Arbitration

International arbitration is comparable to domestic court litigation. Except it takes place before private adjudicators known as arbitrators rather than a domestic court. It is a private, enforceable, consensual, neutral, binding, and enforceable method of resolving international disputes. That is often faster and less expensive than domestic court proceedings.

International arbitration has emerged to allow parties from various legal, linguistic, and cultural backgrounds to resolve their issues in a final and binding manner. This is often without the formality of their own legal systems’ procedural standards.

Purpose of International Arbitration

Companies routinely incorporate international arbitration agreements in their commercial contracts with other businesses. This requires them to arbitrate rather than seek traditional court litigation if a dispute develops. A “submission agreement,” is merely an arbitration agreement signed. After a disagreement has developed, can also be used by two parties to resolve a dispute through arbitration.

Rules of International Arbitration

The majority of international arbitration institutions include rules that govern the resolution of arbitration cases. The International Chamber of Commerce (“ICC”), the London Court of International Arbitration (“LCIA”), the American Arbitration Association’s International Centre for Dispute Resolution (“ICDR”), and the Singapore International Arbitration Centre (“SIAC”) and the Hong Kong International Arbitration Centre (“HKIAC”) are among the most well-known arbitration rules.

Investment disputes are frequently settled using the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (“ICSID”) or the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (“UNCITRAL”) procedures. The Stockholm Chamber of Commerce (“SCC”) guidelines govern several arbitrations involving Russian enterprises.


International arbitration and litigation may appear intimidating to young people interested in pursuing a legal career. How should you go about becoming an expert in this field?

Practising international arbitration and litigation provides various chances to assist businesses in adapting. Or terminating contractual obligations with clients, suppliers, or subcontractors, as well as to represent them before local courts or arbitral tribunals.

Many organisations have committed to renegotiating contracts in the context of the current crisis. This necessitates knowledge of civil procedure. Also, increases experience with contractual dispute resolution procedures in order to design and stick to the optimal plan.

International arbitration is a fascinating topic, but it is also generally exceedingly complex, as the arbiter must study and keep in mind two very different legal systems and cultures.

International arbitration work is challenging depending on the clients, but it also provided a unique opportunity to study and observe other cultures and people, as well as how they interact with the clients.

Overall, it can be exciting and provide wonderful opportunities to travel and learn about various cultures as well as interesting businesses and individuals.

Investment arbitration is a type of international arbitration in which a foreign investor brings a claim directly against the host state of its investment. This can occur as a result of multinational endeavours. Such as energy projects, and can occur in one of two ways. Either investors and host states agree in contracts to resolve disputes through international arbitration. Or investors file claims under bilateral (or multilateral) investment treaties (BITs). In such situations, Big Law firms — as well as speciality boutique firms in some cases – represent both claimants and defendants, however, conflicts must be avoided.

Advantage of being International Arbitrator

The following are the main advantages of employing international arbitration rather than typical judicial litigation to resolve a dispute:

  • Due to the limited number of appeals available from arbitration rulings, international arbitration can resolve issues faster than typical court litigation.
  • Traditional court action can be more expensive than international arbitration.
  • Because many domestic courts are overburdened, international arbitration can provide better-quality justice. Judges do not always have enough time to create high-quality legal rulings.
  • Clients can choose an arbitrator who is an industry expert in International Arbitration rather than a generalist, as many domestic court judges are.
  • Individual parties to a disagreement have a substantial influence in determining the procedure. That is most appropriate for resolving their international dispute. Even including whether or not to incorporate procedures such as document production.
  • If the parties want to keep their business relationship or avoid unfavourable publicity, international arbitration can stay confidential.
  • International Arbitration is a completely neutral process. This is critical for cross-border transactions since it prevents one side from benefiting from a “home court” advantage.
  • Judges in some nations do not make decisions on their own. An award in international arbitration must be made independently, or it will not be enforced.
  • International Arbitration is the exclusive recourse for the breach of a legal right in some circumstances, such as investor-state disputes.


International arbitration lawyers help their clients pursue their claims, prepare filings, and argue their cases in front of arbitrators on the merits. Most international arbitration lawyers are culturally aware of other countries and work under a variety of foreign laws. Language abilities, as well as an awareness of the considerable procedural distinctions between international arbitration and ordinary court action, are critical in international arbitration.

In addition, international arbitration is a field that necessitates hard hours and complete attention to your clients. The cases are typically strategic in nature, therefore clients must have confidence that their lawyers will do everything possible to defend their position. As a result, expectations are sky-high, which is a wonderful thing if you appreciate difficulties. At all levels, lawyers and interns must be hardworking, dedicated, inquiring, and proactive.

A well-known proverb states that a man who represents himself has a fool for a client. What holds true in court does not always hold true in arbitration. Some parties choose to represent themselves in arbitration proceedings, according to Gary Born, one of the world’s finest international arbitration lawyers. This is especially true in disputes involving predominantly technical concerns, such as commodities conflicts.

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by Sushree Swagatika

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