Law is made for the upliftment and betterment of the society as a whole. There are instances when people try to mould the law and use it for their wrongful acts or simply to make their wrong acts justifiable. For such situations, there are certain legal provisions that protect society and people from the misuse of the law. Section 482 of the Criminal Procedure Code, 1973 is one such provision that gives the power to the High Court to quash First Information Report (FIR) on some of the justified grounds.
“Saving of inherent powers of High Court- Nothing in this Code shall be deemed to limit or affect the inherent powers of the High Court to make such orders as may be necessary to give effect to any order under this Code, or to prevent abuse of the process of any Court or otherwise to secure the ends of justice.”
When an FIR is lodged, the legal machinery sets in motion; therefore, by quashing the FIR, the legal machinery stops functioning. It ceases to work further anymore on the given issue. The right to quash an FIR is given to the High Court which it does after considering reasonable grounds, such as, to prevent abuse of the process of any court or to meet the ends of justice.
Powers of the High Court
The High Court possesses inherent powers which are enumerated under section 482 of the Criminal Procedure Code, 1973 to quash the First Information Report.
- Only the High Court can act under Section 482 of the Criminal Procedure Code, 1973 to quash the FIR.
- The FIR can only be quashed by the High Court if according to its view the FIR lodged was on false grounds, or the FIR was lodged with a sole motive to defame or annoy any person.
- The aggrieved person can approach the High Court under Article 226 read with section 482 of the Criminal Procedure Code, 1973.
- The offence should be non-compoundable for which an FIR is filed.
- The burden of proof rests on the petitioner to prove that the FIR lodged was on flimsy grounds and with malicious intent.
Quashing of FIR under compoundable and non- compoundable offences
The offences that can be settled between the parties beyond the boundaries of the court are called compoundable offences whereas the offences that can be settled between the parties only in the court of law are call non- compoundable offences. Generally, heinous offences like rape, murder, sedition are categorized as non-compoundable offences in which the High Court cannot quash the FIR.
The Supreme Court in a case held that the exercise of the power under Section 482 and while dealing with a plea that the dispute has been settled, the High Court must have due regard to the nature and gravity of the offence. Heinous and serious offences involving mental depravity or offences such as murder, rape, and dacoity cannot appropriately be quashed though the victim, or the family of the victim has settled the dispute. Such offences are, truly speaking, not private in nature but have a serious impact on society. The decision to continue with the trial in such cases is founded on the overriding element of public interest in punishing persons for serious offences.
Section 498-A Indian Penal Code
One of the most controversial provisions in today’s time is Section 498-A of the Indian Penal Code which relates to the Dowry Harassment. People often argue that this provision is used by women to harras their husbands and in-laws by filing false complaints. Therefore, in such case also if a frivolous First Information Report is lodged against the person, he has the right to move to the High Court to quash such a First Information Report.
The Supreme Court made it clear that the aggrieved person can always approach the HC to quash such frivolous FIR. 
The High Court has been given an inherent power to quash any FIR that is of an offence which is non -compoundable. This power is given so that no party is exploited on frivolous and untrue grounds. No one can file an FIR against a person in order to suppress or oppress him without any reason. It is a way to set the legal machinery in action and if in any case, the authorities are taking a step in the wrong direction, it can always be stopped at that very moment. Section 482 of the Criminal Procedure Code, 1973 is a very vital provision that makes sure that both the ends of justice meet and no one is harassed by exercising law.
 Criminal Procedure Code, 1973, s. 482.
 Narinder Singh v. the State of Punjab (2014) 6 SCC 466.
 Parbatbhai Aahir @ Parbatbhai Bhimsighbhai Karmur and Ors. v. State of Gujrat and Ors. (2017) SC 1723.
 Girish Pandey v. State (2016) SC 768.