10 Facts Everyone Should Know About Indian Sedition Law
A person who gives a speech or conducts such a deed which is hateful and shows dissatisfaction or rebels towards an authority of a state or nation is said to be involved in Sedition.
Any statement or act by a person, opposing or displaying aversion against the nation could lead him into trouble. There have been various cases in India regarding the same.
It is important to mention that the word ‘Sedition’ has not been mentioned anywhere in the Indian Constitution.
So here are some facts about Indian Sedition Law that may give you a quick cognition about Indian Sedition Law:
1. Sedition, as described in Section 124-A of Indian Penal Code explains briefly that “Whoever, by words, either spoken or written, or by signs, or by visible representation, or otherwise, brings or attempts to bring into hatred or contempt, or excites or attempts to excite disaffection towards the Government established by law in India, shall be punished with life imprisonment which may extend to three years, to which fine may be added, or with fine.”
2. The word ‘disaffection’ here means disloyalty and all feelings of aversion.
3. It also describes that all the comments that express strong disapproval of the measures of the Government with a view to obtaining their alteration by lawful means, without exciting or attempting to excite hatred, contempt or disaffection, do not constitute an offense under this section.
4. Comments expressing criticism of the administrative or other action of the Government without exciting or attempting to excite hatred, contempt or disaffection, do not constitute an offense under this section.
5. The maximum punishment for this offense is Lifetime Imprisonment.
6. Section 124-A was not a part of the Original Indian Penal code of 1860. It was further introduced in 1870.
7. Thomas Macaulay originally drafted this law.
8. Bangobasi case (Queen-Empress v. Jagendra Chunder Bose) was the first case which appeared under this section.
9. Mahatma Gandhi, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, and many more freedom fighters were charged with Sedition during the freedom struggle.
10. Then section was amended by Indian Penal Code Amendment Act (IV of 1898) after which a metamorphosis was observed as the single explanation of the section was replaced with three explanations.